What is Software Testing Life Cycle (STLC)? website design services cochin kerala india, SEO services cochin kerala india, Digital marketing services cochin kerala india

Just like developers follow the Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) likewise testers also follow the Software Testing Life Cycle which is called as STLC. It is the sequence of activities carried out by the testing team from the beginning of the project till the end of the project.

It takes a sequence of steps that are carried out in order to validate the software. In STLC process, each activity is carried out in a planned and systematic way.

Below are the phases of STLC:

  1. Requirement analysis
  2. Test Planning
  3. Test case development
  4. Environment Setup
  5. Test Execution
  6. Test Cycle Closure

Diagram – Different stages in Software Test Life Cycle

What is Entry and Exit Criteria?

Entry Criteria: Entry Criteria gives the prerequisite items that must be completed before testing can begin.

Exit Criteria: Exit Criteria defines the items that must be completed before testing can be concluded

You have Entry and Exit Criteria for all levels in the Software Testing Life Cycle (STLC)

Requirement Analysis

This is the very first phase of Software testing Life cycle (STLC). During this phase of STLC, analyze and study the requirements.  In case of any confusion the QA team may setup a meeting with the clients and the stakeholders (Technical Leads, Business Analyst, System Architects and Client etc.) in order to clarify their doubts. This phase helps to identify the scope of the testing.

Once the QA team is clear with the requirements they will document the acceptance Criteria and get it approved by the Customers.

Activities to be done in Requirement analysis phase are given below:

  • Analyzing the System Requirement specifications from the testing point of view
  • Preparation of RTM that is Requirement Traceability Matrix
  • Identifying the testing techniques and testing types
  • Prioritizing the feature which need focused testing
  • Analyzing the Automation feasibility
  • Identifying the details about the testing environment where actual testing will be done

Deliverables (Outcome) of Requirement analysis phase are:

  • Requirement Traceability Matrix (RTM)
  • Automation feasibility report

Test Planning

This phase is also called Test Strategy phase. Typically, in this stage, a Senior QA manager will determine effort and cost estimates for the project and would prepare and finalize the Test Plan.


  • Preparation of test plan/strategy document for various types of testing
  • Test tool selection
  • Test effort estimation
  • Training requirement
  • Resource planning and determining roles and responsibilities.


  • Test plan /strategy document.
  • Effort estimation document.

Test Case Development

This phase involves creation, verification and rework of test cases & test scripts. Test data, is identified/created and is reviewed and then reworked as well. Activities

  • Create test cases, automation scripts (if applicable)
  • Review and baseline test cases and scripts
  • Create test data (If Test Environment is available)


  • Test cases/scripts
  • Test data

Test Environment setup

This phase includes the setup or installation process of software and hardware which is required for testing the application. In this phase the integration of the third party application is also carried out if required in the project.

After setting up the required software and hardware the installation of build is tested. Once the installation of build is successful and complete then the Test Data is generated.

After the creation of Test data the Smoke testing is executed on the build in order to check whether the basic functionalities are working fine or not. This phase can be done in parallel with the Test Case Development phase.

Activities to be done in Test Environment Setup phase are given below:

  • As per the Requirement and Architecture document the list of required software and hardware is prepared
  • Setting up of test environment
  • Creation of test data
  • Installation of build and execution of Smoke testing on it

Deliverables (Outcome) of Test Environment Setup phase are:

  • Test Environment setup is ready
  • Test Data is created
  • Results of Smoke testing

Test Execution

During this phase the testers will carry out the testing based on the test plans and the test cases prepared. Bugs will be reported back to the development team for correction and retesting will be performed.


  • Execute tests as per plan
  • Document test results, and log defects for failed cases
  • Map defects to test cases in RTM
  • Retest the Defect fixes
  • Track the defects to closure


  • Completed RTM with execution status
  • Test cases updated with results
  • Defect reports

Test Cycle Closure

Testing team will meet, discuss and analyze testing artifacts to identify strategies that have to be implemented in future, taking lessons from the current test cycle. The idea is to remove the process bottlenecks for future test cycles and share best practices for any similar projects in future. Activities

Activities to be done in Test Cycle Closure phase are given below:

  • To evaluate the test completion on the basis of Test Coverage and Software Quality
  • Documentation of the learning from the project
  • Analyzing the test results to find out the distribution of severe defects
  • Test Closure Report preparation

Deliverables (Outcome) of Test Cycle Closure phase are:

  • Report of Test Closure

In general, the software testing life Cycle involves planning, preparing, conducting, and reporting of tests. Some of the phases in the STLC are dependent on others; some can happen alongside each other. By understanding each phase in the STLC you can ensure your testing process is efficient and effective.

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Why Choose Digital Marketing Over Traditional Marketing website design services cochin kerala india, SEO services cochin kerala india, Digital marketing services cochin kerala india

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Digital marketing and social media is having a significant impact on how we behave socially, act as consumers and how we do business so it could be fair to say that any business that does not adapt to the new marketing. It is only obvious that the era of the internet will have its influence in every area of life. An indispensable part of any business which one cannot ignore is marketing. Many small businesses struggle with deciding which kind of marketing to do. It’s because their budget will only stretch to either digital marketing or traditional marketing, not both. Here are some benefits of Digital Marketing vs. Traditional Marketing:

Well, thanks to globalization and widespread of internet, social media and digital marketing are now becoming well integrated aspects of doing business.

Consumers are becoming well- aware and businesses have no option, but to adapt to the newer ways from the marketing and communication era to avoid losing out.

Digital marketing includes platforms like:

  • Social media like Facebook, Twitter, or Instagram.
  • Business networking sites like LinkedIn.
  • Promotional ads via emails.
  • Paid pop ups.
  • Blogs
  • Click bait links for viral content.

  The Benefits of Digital Marketing

Leveled field for competing: Solid digital marketing strategy allows any business to compete with any competitor on similar lines regardless of the size. A website with good repute, which allows its customers to a smooth customer journey, is exceptional. Generally a small retailer can use the very same tools and techniques as a big company to play out in the same market.

Lower cost: High advertising costs for advertising channels such as Yellow Pages, television, radio and magazine can be replaced for more effective and marginal costs by using digital marketing by establishing successful online marketing strategies.

 Easy analytics: You can see in real time what is or is not working for your business online and can adapt very quickly to improve your results.  For measuring traffic to your site you can use Google Analytics. It helps to track the traffic coming to the website, almost simultaneously, measuring important facets such as the conversions, demographics of the audience, their locations, peak trading times and much more.

Real time results: You don’t have to wait weeks to raise your business.  You can see the numbers of visitors to your site and its subscribers increase, peak trading times, conversion rates, bounce rates and much more at the touch of a button.

Strategy Refinement:   Digital marketing enables you to refine your strategy at any point in time and see any improvements or opportunities for further refinement almost instantaneously. While gathering and analyzing chunks of consumer data, strategies can be upgraded accordingly.

Brand Development: By maintaining website with quality worthy content targeting the needs and adding value to your target audience can be easier. It provides significant brand value and lead generation opportunities.

Greater exposure: Digital marketing opens up doors to an international platform for businesses because even a single marketing campaign can be viewed worldwide, the cost to do this using traditional methods would be considerable also once you have optimised the key word search content in your website you should see a long-term return on your investment and will be fairly low cost to maintain your ranking.

 ViralDigital marketing helps businesses to instantaneously publicize online within a matter of few minutes .Usage of social media share buttons on website, email and social media channels may be the most effective for sharing breaking news and enabling your messages to be communicated on a larger scale and quicker.

Non Intrusive Communication : Digital marketing is a non – intrusive way of communicating commercial or fundraising messages to an audience, usually potential customers while giving them an option of opting out of the regular email alerts as per relevance, opposing the traditional marketing gimmicks such as calls and messages at inconvenient times Non-intrusive.

Greater engagement with Stakeholders: Digital marketing would aid clients and followers in viewing your website, looking at other available products and services, buying them, rating them as well as providing feedback which is visible to your market. A good website is the equivalent to an online visiting card, space for good publicity to enhance the hope of your business.

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What is Agile Testing? website design services cochin kerala india, SEO services cochin kerala india, Digital marketing services cochin kerala india

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A software testing practice that follows the principles of agile    software development is called Agile Testing. Agile testing involves all members of a cross-functional agile team, with special expertise contributed by testers, to ensure delivering the business value desired by the customer at frequent intervals, working at a sustainable pace. Agile development recognizes that testing is not a separate phase, but an integral part of software development, along with coding.

Agile teams use a “whole-team” approach to “baking quality in” to the software product. Testers on agile teams lend their expertise in eliciting examples of desired behaviour from customers, collaborating with the development team to turn those into executable specifications that guide coding. This Testing focuses on repairing faults immediately, rather than waiting for the end of the project.

Agile testing takes place concurrently with the software development, meaning it’s an integral part of the overall process rather than a “bolt-on” to the end of the process. This means ops and development work closely together at every stage of the development, meaning glitches and errors are far more likely to be identified sooner than later. This can reduce the time it takes for software to go to market and as repairs are carried out at the time rather than after the fact, costs and time spent on labour are also reduced. As the focus of agile is on integration, teams work closely together at all points of the development, which means there is an increased emphasis on effective communication.

Principles of Agile Testing

  • Testing is NOT a Phase:Agile team tests continuously and continuous testing is the only way to ensure continuous progress
  • Testing Moves the project forward: Agile testing provide feedback on an ongoing basis and the product meets the business demands.
  • Everyone Tests:In conventional SDLC, only test team tests while in agile including developers and BA’s test the application.
  • Shortening Feedback Response Time:In conventional SDLC, only during the acceptance testing, the Business team will get to know the product development, while in agile for each and every iteration, they are involved and continuous feedback shortens the feedback response time and cost involved in fixing is also less.
  • Clean Code:Raised defects are fixed within the same iteration and thereby keeping the code clean.
  • Reduce Test Documentation:Instead of very lengthy documentation, agile testers use reusable checklist, focus on the essence of the test rather than the incidental details.
  • Test Driven:In conventional methods, testing is performed after implementation while in agile testing, testing is done while implementation.

Advantages of Agile Testing

  • Agile Testing Saves Time and Money
  • Less Documentation
  • Regular feedback from the end user
  • Daily meetings can help to determine the issues well in advance

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